A Comparison of Urban Planning in Eastern Asian Capitals during Japanese Colonial Rule: Tokyo, Taipei (1895), Seoul (1910), and Beijing (1936)

Kilhun Lee, Seungwoo Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Japan’s urban planning system began with the Urban Renewal (1885) and has been modified since then in various ways through the Tokyo City Improvement Ordinance (1888) and the City Planning Law (1919). From 1895 to 1945 (Japanese colonization era), Japan applied and tested its urban planning in Taipei (1895–1945), Seoul (1910–1945, Gyeongseong), and Beijing (1936–1945). Although Tokyo was the first city discussed for planning, urban renewal was implemented in other colonized cities in a similar period. What Tokyo, Seoul, Beijing, and Taipei have in common is that they are built around fortress walls. Hence, the present study aims to examine the characteristics of Tokyo’s urban planning and reveal how Japan’s urban planning transformed these cities in East Asia, which had different cultures and styles, during Japanese colonial rule. We analyzed urban renewal projects implemented in each city, the organization of a committee to plan the City Planning Ordinance, the effect of urban planning, the characteristics of urban planning, and changes in existing downtowns.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4502
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume15
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2023

Keywords

  • Beijing
  • City Planning Law
  • East Asia
  • Japanese colonial rule
  • Seoul
  • Taipei
  • Tokyo
  • urban planning
  • urban renewal

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