A geometrical representation of entanglement

Shahabeddin M. Aslmarand, Warner A. Miller, Doyeol Ahn, Paul M. Alsing

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We introduce a novel geometrical approach to characterize entanglement relations in large quantum systems. Our approach is inspired by Schumacher’s singlet state triangle inequality, which used an entropy-based distance to capture the strange properties of entanglement using geometry-based inequalities. Schumacher uses classical entropy and can only describe the geometry of bipartite states. We extend his approach by using von Neumann entropy to create an entanglement monotone that can be generalized for higher-dimensional systems. We achieve this by utilizing recent definitions for entropic areas, volumes, and higher-dimensional volumes for multipartite quantum systems. This enables us to differentiate systems with high quantum correlation from systems with low quantum correlation and differentiate between different types of multipartite entanglement. It also enable us to describe some of the strange properties of quantum entanglement using simple geometrical inequalities. Our geometrization of entanglement provides new insight into quantum entanglement. Perhaps by constructing well-motivated geometrical structures (e.g., relations among areas, volumes, etc.), a set of trivial geometrical inequalities can reveal some of the complex properties of higher-dimensional entanglement in multipartite systems. We provide numerous illustrative applications of this approach, and in particular to a random sample of a thousand density matrices.

Original languageEnglish
Article number296
JournalEuropean Physical Journal Plus
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 2022


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