A Numerical study of windstorms in the Lee of the Taebaek mountains, South Korea: Characteristics and generation mechanisms

Joohyun Lee, Jaemyeong Mango Seo, Jong Jin Baik, Seung Bu Park, Beom Soon Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The Yeongdong region, located east of the Taebaek Mountains, South Korea, often experiences severe windstorms in spring, causing a lot of damages, especially when forest fires spread out rapidly by strong winds. Here, the characteristics and generation mechanisms of the windstorms in the Yeongdong region on 8 April 2012 are examined through a high-resolution Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model simulation. In the Yangyang area, the steep descent of the isentropes on the lee slope of the mountain and their recovery farther leeward are seen. Inversion layers and incoming flow in hydraulic jump regime suggest that the hydraulic jump is responsible for the downslope windstorm. In the Jangjeon area, the plume-shaped wind pattern extending seaward from the gap exit is seen when the sea-level pressure difference between the gap inside and the gap exit, being responsible for the gap winds, is large. In the Uljin area, downslope windstorms pass over the region with weak wind, low Richardson number, and deep planetary boundary layer (PBL), making banded pattern in the wind and PBL height fields. This study demonstrates that the characteristics of the windstorms in the lee of the Taebaek Mountains and their generation mechanisms differ depending on local topographic features.

Original languageEnglish
Article number431
JournalAtmosphere
Volume11
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2020

Keywords

  • Downslope windstorms
  • Gap winds
  • Gravity waves
  • Hydraulic jump
  • Planetary boundary layer

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