A Planning Support System for Boosting Bikeability in Seoul

Madiha Bencekri, Donggyun Ku, Doyun Lee, Seungjae Lee

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


The popularity of cycling has increased because it is conceived to be a much safer and environmentally friendly travel mode than automobiles and mass transit. As a result, shared-bike programs have gained attention among academics and policymakers. While inefficacies and other deficits in shared-bike programs have been described in the literature, so have these programs’ significant environmental, health, and economic benefits. The authors of this study developed a planning support system (PSS) to boost the efficacy and performance of the shared-cycling system in Seoul, Korea, using a developed bikeability index. First, they employed the Massachusetts Institute of Technology urban network analysis (UNA) and other spatial and statistical analyses to generate the model’s input dataset. Second, the authors built the bikeability index using geographically weighted regression (GWR) analysis. Using the index, the authors evaluated Seoul’s shared-bike system performance and identified important global and local variables affecting its efficacy. Based on these variables, the authors developed change scenarios. Finally, the authors used the planning support system to simulate these scenarios in multiple iterations until they reached a metric solution using the PSS feedback loop process.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUrban Book Series
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH
Number of pages23
StatePublished - 2023

Publication series

NameUrban Book Series
VolumePart F270
ISSN (Print)2365-757X
ISSN (Electronic)2365-7588


  • Bikeability index
  • Feedback loop
  • Geographically weighted regression
  • Planning support system
  • Shared bike program


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