A prediction of rate-dependent behaviour in ferroelectric polycrystals

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Rate-dependent behaviour of a polycrystalline ferroelectric material is predicted based on thermal activation theory and a representative volume element model. First, the behaviour of a ferroelectric single crystal is calculated from a recently proposed three-dimensional free energy model [S.J. Kim, S. Seelecke, Int. J. Solids Struct. 44 (2007) 1196-1209]. Then, from the calculated single crystal responses, poling behaviour of a ferroelectric polycrystal is obtained in three different ways, two representative volume element models and Gaussian integration method. It is found that a dodecahedron representative volume element consisting of 210 crystallites is the best choice among the three methods. Finally, the behaviour of a ferroelectric polycrystal under various electric and stress loads is calculated using the chosen RVE model. The calculated responses are compared qualitatively with experimental observations, and the effects of crystal orientation and polycrystallinity are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-42
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering: B
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - 25 Jun 2007


  • Ferroelectrics
  • Free energy
  • Polycrystal
  • Rate dependent
  • Representative volume element
  • Thermal activation


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