A residual-based test for autocorrelation in quantile regression models

Lijuan Huo, Tae Hwan Kim, Yunmi Kim, Dong Jin Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Quantile regression (QR) models have been increasingly employed in many applied areas in economics. At the early stage, applications in the QR literature have usually used cross-sectional data, but the recent development has seen an increase in the use of QR in both time-series and panel data sets. However, testing for possible autocorrelation, especially in the context of time-series models, has received little attention. As a rule of thumb, one might attempt to apply the usual Breusch–Godfrey LM test to the residuals of a baseline QR. In this paper, we demonstrate analytically and by Monte Carlo simulations that such an application of the LM test can result in potentially large size distortions, especially in either low or high quantiles. We then propose a correct test (named the QF test) for autocorrelation in QR models, which does not suffer from size distortion. Monte Carlo simulations demonstrate that the proposed test performs fairly well in finite samples, across either different quantiles or different underlying error distributions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1305-1322
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Statistical Computation and Simulation
Issue number7
StatePublished - 3 May 2017


  • LM test
  • Quantile regression
  • autocorrelation


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