A scalable AND-ACC fingerprinting scheme for practical contents distribution

Jae Min Seol, Seong Whan Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Fingerprinting schemes use digital watermarks to determine originators of unauthorized/pirated copies. Multiple users may collude and collectively escape identification by creating an average or median of their individually watermarked copies. We present a codebook generation scheme to enhance the Anti-Collusion fingerprinting (AND-ACC) scheme to make it scalable for supporting large number of users. We evaluated our proposed codebook generation scheme using HVS based watermarking scheme and our own fingerprints. The simulation results with standard test images show good collusion detection performance over average and median collusion attacks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)969-979
Number of pages11
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2005
EventVisual Communications and Image Processing 2005 - Beijing, China
Duration: 12 Jul 200515 Jul 2005


  • Collusion resilient
  • Fingerprinting
  • MPEG-4
  • Scalable
  • Video streaming
  • Watermarking


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