A Study of Development and Application of an Inland Water Body Training Dataset Using Sentinel-1 SAR Images in Korea

Eu Ru Lee, Hyung Sup Jung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Floods are becoming more severe and frequent due to global warming-induced climate change. Water disasters are rising in Korea due to severe rainfall and wet seasons. This makes preventive climate change measures and efficient water catastrophe responses crucial, and synthetic aperture radar satellite imagery can help. This research created 1,423 water body learning datasets for individual water body regions along the Han and Nakdong waterways to reflect domestic water body properties discovered by Sentinel-1 satellite radar imagery. We created a document with exact data annotation criteria for many situations. After the dataset was processed, U-Net, a deep learning model, analyzed water body detection results. The results from applying the learned model to water body locations not involved in the learning process were studied to validate soil water body monitoring on a national scale. The analysis showed that the created water body area detected water bodies accurately (F1-Score: 0.987, Intersection over Union [IoU]: 0.955). Other domestic water body regions not used for training and evaluation showed similar accuracy (F1-Score: 0.941, IoU: 0.89). Both outcomes showed that the computer accurately spotted water bodies in most areas, however tiny streams and gloomy areas had problems. This work should improve water resource change and disaster damage surveillance. Future studies will likely include more water body attribute datasets. Such databases could help manage and monitor water bodies nationwide and shed light on misclassified regions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1371-1388
Number of pages18
JournalKorean Journal of Remote Sensing
Issue number6-1
StatePublished - 2023


  • AI dataset
  • Climate change
  • Deep learning
  • Segmentation
  • Sentinel-1
  • Synthetic aperture radar
  • Water body


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