A Thermo-optically controllable saturable absorber for switchable operation of a fiber laser between Q-switching and harmonic mode-locking

Joonhoi Koo, Jihwan Kim, Ju Han Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

A thermo-optically controllable fiberized saturable absorber (SA) that is based on a combination of graphene oxide (GO), a thermo-optic polymer adhesive, and a thermo-electric temperature controller (TEC), is proposed and experimentally demonstrated. By incorporating the SA into an all-fiberized erbium-doped fiber (EDF) ring cavity, an operation-state-switchable fiber laser is successfully implemented. The operation state of the laser is shown to be switchable from a continuous wave (CW) to the Q-switching state to the harmonic mode-locking state depending on the current that is applied to the TEC under a fixed pump-power condition. As a function of the applied current, the temporal width and the repetition rate of the Q-switched pulses varied from ~5.54 μs to ~12.35 μs and from ~ 31.02 kHz to ~17.25 kHz, respectively. The maximum pulse energy is ~52.8 nJ. In the harmonic-mode-locking state, the 19th order of the harmonic-mode-locked pulses was generated. The pulse width was measured as ~595 fs with a pulse-repetition rate of ~237.5 MHz. It is believed that the operation-mode change is due to the variations of the insertion loss and the beam-polarization status of the implemented SA that are due to the temperature-variation-induced refractive-index changes of the thermo-optic polymer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30-36
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Luminescence
Volume205
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2019

Keywords

  • Fiber lasers
  • Graphene oxide
  • Mode-locking
  • Q-switching
  • Saturable absorbers

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