Agent-based evacuation simulation for building structure evaluation

Jinmu Choi, Seong Gon Kim, Jiyeong Lee, Yun Soo Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Building design has a large impact on emergency evacuation. To identify the best location of doors in a room for fast evacuation, building egress times were computed using agent-based simulation. Human behavior in a building was based on a social force model. The evacuation route was based on the shortest path in a 3D geometric network in a GIS environment. Our results indicated that building egress time is minimized when doorways are located to make the egress path shortest. The integration of an agent-based model and 3D geometric network can be applied further to evaluate more complex structures such as multi-story buildings and subway stations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)347-364
Number of pages18
JournalGIScience and Remote Sensing
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2009


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