An effects analysis of logistics collaboration in last-mile networks for CEP delivery services

Hyeongjun Park, Dongjoo Park, In Jae Jeong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

61 Scopus citations


Rapid increases in courier, express, and parcel (CEP) delivery demand have made environment- and traffic-related issues important in metropolitan areas. This study analytically formulates CEP delivery behaviors in last-mile networks to estimate the effects of logistics collaboration for apartment complexes. Reflecting courier delivery behavior, the CEP delivery problem was divided into horizontal and vertical routing problems. Optimization methodologies commonly utilized in the operations research area were employed for the analytical modeling of these two routing behaviors. The proposed methodologies were applied to apartment complexes in Seoul, Korea. It was found that the financial feasibility of CEP collaboration is guaranteed when the number of households in an apartment complex exceeds about 900. From the financial perspective, CEP collaboration is applicable to 9.1–19.4% of the apartment households in Seoul. In addition, CEP collaboration was analyzed to provide a meaningful amount of social cost savings, implying its economic feasibility. The public sector's roles in stimulating CEP collaboration are discussed from financial and legislative perspectives.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115-125
Number of pages11
JournalTransport Policy
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2016


  • CEP delivery service
  • Horizontal delivery
  • Last-mile network
  • Logistics collaboration
  • Spatial clustering
  • Vertical delivery


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