Analyses of systems theory for construction accident prevention with specific reference to OSHA accident reports

Seokho Chi, Sangwon Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

105 Scopus citations

Abstract

To enhance workplace safety in the construction industry it is important to understand interrelationships among safety risk factors associated with construction accidents. This study incorporates the systems theory into Heinrich's domino theory to explore the interrelationships of risks and break the chain of accident causation. Through both empirical and statistical analyses of 9358 accidents which occurred in the U.S. construction industry between 2002 and 2011, the study investigates relationships between accidents and injury elements (e.g., injury type, part of body, injury severity) and the nature of construction injuries by accident type. The study then discusses relationships between accidents and risks, including worker behavior, injury source, and environmental condition, and identifies key risk factors and risk combinations causing accidents. The research outcomes will assist safety managers to prioritize risks according to the likelihood of accident occurrence and injury characteristics, and pay more attention to balancing significant risk relationships to prevent accidents and achieve safer working environments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1027-1041
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Journal of Project Management
Volume31
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2013

Keywords

  • Accident prevention
  • Construction injury
  • Construction safety
  • Domino theory
  • Systems theory

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