Analysis of internal gas leaks in an MCFC system package for an LNG-fueled ship

Gilltae Roh, Youngseung Na, Jun Young Park, Hansung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


The airflow inside the housing of a 300-kW molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) system is designed to ensure safety in case of a gas leak by applying computational fluid dynamics (CFD) techniques. In particular, gas accumulating zones are identified to prevent damage to vulnerable components from high temperature and pressure. Furthermore, the location of the alarm unit with the gas-leak detector is recommended for construction of safe MCFC ships. In order to achieve this, a flow-tracking and contour field (for gas, temperature, and pressure) including a fuel-cell stack module, balance-of-plant, and various pipes is developed. With the simulated flow field, temperature flow is interpreted for the heating conditions of each component or pipe in order to find out where the temperature is concentrated inside the fuel cell system, as well as the increase in temperature at the exit. In addition, the gas leakage from the valves is investigated by using a flow simulation to analyze the gas and pressure distribution inside the fuel cell system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2330
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2019


  • Flow characteristics
  • Green ship
  • LNG-fueled ship
  • Molten carbonate fuel cell system
  • Numerical analysis
  • Ship structure


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