Application of computational fluid dynamics in chlorine-dynamics modeling of in-situ chlorination systems for cooling systems

Jongchan Yi, Jonghun Lee, Mohd Amiruddin Fikri, Byoung In Sang, Hyunook Kim

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1 Scopus citations


Chlorination is the preferred method to control biofouling in a power plant cooling system due to its comparative effectiveness and low cost. If a power plant is located in a coastal area, chlorine can be electrochemically generated in-situ using seawater, which is called in-situ electro-chlorination; this approach has several advantages including fewer harmful chlorination byproducts and no need for chlorine storage. Nonetheless, this electrochemical process is still in its infancy in practice. In this study, a parallel first-order kinetics was applied to simulate chlorine decay in a pilot-scale cooling system. Since the decay occurs along the water-intake pipe, the kinetics was incorporated into computational fluid dynamics (CFD) codes, which were subsequently applied to simulate chlorine behavior in the pipe. The experiment and the simulation data indicated that chlorine concentrations along the pipe wall were incremental, even under the condition where a strong turbulent flow was formed. The fact that chlorine remained much more concentrated along the pipe surface than in the middle allowed for the reduction of the overall chlorine demand of the system based on the electro-chlorination. The cooling system, with an in-situ electro-chlorination, consumed only 1/3 of the chlorine dose demanded by the direct injection method. Therefore, it was concluded that in-situ electro-chlorination could serve as a cost-effective and environmentally friendly approach for biofouling control at power plants on coastal areas.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4455
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number13
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2020


  • Computational fluid dynamics
  • Cooling system
  • Electro-chlorination
  • In-situ chlorination
  • Power plant


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