Applications of modified biochar-based materials for the removal of environment pollutants: A mini review

Jung Eun Lee, Young Kwon Park

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

The biochar treated through several processes can be modified and utilized as catalyst or catalyst support due to specific properties with various available functional groups on the surface. The functional groups attached to the biochar surface can initiate active radical species to play an important role, which lead to the destruction of contaminants as a catalyst and the removal of adsorbent by involving electron transfer or redox processes. Centering on the high potential to be developed in field applications, this paper reviews more feasible and sustainable biochar-based materials resulting in efficient removals of environmental pollutants as catalyst or support rather than describing them according to the technology category. This review addresses biochar-based materials for utilization as catalysts, metal catalyst supports of iron/iron oxides, and titanium dioxide because the advanced oxidation process using iron/iron oxides or titanium dioxides is more effective for the removal of contaminants. Biochar-based materials can be used for the removal of inorganic contaminants such as heavy meals and nitrate or phosphate to cause eutrophication of water. The biochar-based materials available for the remediation of eutrophic water by the release of N- or P-containing compounds is also reviewed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6112
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Volume12
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Modified biochar
  • Remediation of eutrophic water
  • TiO2 photocatalyst support
  • ZVI catalyst support

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