Assessing the efficiency of aggregate low impact development (LID) at a small urbanized sub-catchment under different storm scenarios

Dong Jin Jeon, Seo Jin Ki, Sang Soo Baek, Yoon Kyung Cha, Kyung Hwa Cho, Kwang Sik Yoon, Hyun Suk Shin, Joon Ha Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


While the size of single low impact development (LID) unit determines the performance in attenuating water quantity and quality from storm runoff, the performance of multiple LID units is sensitive to both their size and arrangement order. This study describes a methodology to obtain the best performance for multiple LID units under varying by time-to-peak of storm with the same intensity and duration using storm water management model (SWMM), a popular model for rainfall–runoff and water quality simulation. The hypothetical temporal distributions were designated by Huff curves, which provided characterizing storm mass curves, along with the relationship of intensity– duration–frequency to determine storm intensity for 1-h in 2-year return period. Three types of LID units (rain barrel, infiltration trench, and vegetative swale) were selected to develop aggregate LID scenarios using the SWMM. The results indicated that, when compared with other field experiments, the SWMM successfully estimated change in flow discharge and suspended solid (SS) loss reflecting different storm patterns at the final outlet of and urbanized sub-catchment as well as the effects of LID practices. The performances of aggregate LID scenarios including lag time of peak runoff, peak runoff reduction, volume reduction, and SS loss reduction were sensitive to arrangement order and time-of-storm peak-to-storm duration. Scenario 5, which had the order of vegetative swale, rain barrel, and infiltration trench, showed the most effective serial arrangement, as it exhibited the more consistent results across the storm patters. This study thus provides insights into the effective design of aggregate LID scenarios considering different storm characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-8
Number of pages8
JournalDesalination and Water Treatment
StatePublished - Aug 2017


  • Aggregate LID
  • Design storm
  • Low impact development
  • Storm water management model
  • Urban runoff


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