Atmospheric flow indices and interannual Great Salt Lake variability

Young Il Moon, Upmanu Lall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


This paper identifies connections between the time variability of the volume of the Great Salt Lake (GSL), Utah, and selected atmospheric circulation indices. The indices considered are the Southern Oscilation Index (SOI), the Pacific/North America (PNA) climatic pattern, and the Central North Pacific (CNP) index. We focus on interannual time scales. Low-frequency (interannual or interdecadal) relationships between the Great Salt Lake (GSL) volume change and atmospheric circulation indices are of importance because of their significance for the understanding and prediction of the GSL volume. We use Singular Spectral Analysis (SSA), Multichannel Singular Spectral Analysis (MSSA), and Multitaper Spectral Analysis [or Multitaper Method (MTM)], to identify persistent or nearly periodic patterns in time in each series. MSSA examines the joint modes of variability across the time series, while SSA decomposes each series into its component time patterns. MTM is used for identification of peaks and frequency band structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-62
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Hydrologic Engineering - ASCE
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1996


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