Barrier properties and failure mechanism of Ta-Si-N thin films for Cu interconnection

Yoon Jik Lee, Bong Seok Suh, Myoung Seok Kwon, Chong Ook Park

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Cosputtered Ta-Si-N amorphous films of ten different compositions were investigated as a barrier material for Cu interconnection. The films of relatively low nitrogen content (<47 at. %) undergo an abrupt failure with the formation of tantalum silicides and copper silicide between Si and Cu during annealing. Ta43Si4N53 thin film is readily crystallized into TaNx in spite of a remarkable chemical stability with Cu. The films containing nitrogen more than 51 at. % are sacrificial barriers which show the formation of Cu3Si phase at Ta-Si-N/Cu interface even before the films crystallize to form tantalum silicide. According to electrical tests, the barriers which show the sacrificial characteristics are most effective and show no electrical degradation even after annealing at 500°C for an hour in Si/Cu and 525°C for an hour in SiO2/Cu metallization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1927-1934
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Issue number3
StatePublished - Feb 1999


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