Beamwidth-Reconfigurable Circularly Polarized Slot Antenna Based on Half-Mode Substrate-Integrated Waveguide

Jeong Hun Park, Moon Que Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Beamwidth-reconfigurable antennas are useful for the intersatellite link of low earth orbit formation flying and constellation, as they prevent unauthorized satellites from eavesdropping. In this article, a circularly polarized slot array antenna based on a half-mode substrate-integrated waveguide (HMSIW) for the K-band beamwidth reconfiguration is proposed using a new radio frequency (RF) switch structure and a pair of modified −45° and +45° linearly polarized HMSIW slot arrays for the dual operation of a single-pole double-throw (SPDT)/a power divider (PD) and easy integration with other components, respectively. The RF switch structure consists of a T-junction PD, λ/4 lines, and beam lead PIN diodes with current control resistors and without a DC block circuit for low DC power consumption and size reduction. The −45°/+45° linearly polarized HMSIW slot arrays providing linear and circular polarizations (LP and CP, respectively) are operated for CP. The use of a short-circuited termination instead of dissipative termination results in easier integration with other components because the 16 radiating slots consume most of the input power. The dimension of the beamwidth-reconfigurable antenna including the bottom metal layer is 157.2 × 23.3 × 0.254 mm3 (12.5λ0 × 1.86λ0 × 0.0202λ0). The RF switch for the SPDT shows the insertion losses of 1.8–2.3 and 16.7–24.2 dB and an isolation of 20.9–33.4 dB for both outputs within the 10-dB bandwidth. The RF switch for the PD has an insertion loss of 3.9–4.8 dB. The one- and two-antenna operation modes of the CP antenna provide the gains of 9.44 and 6.99 dBic, the axial ratios of 2.24 and 3.47 dB, and the horizontal beamwidths of 35.8° and 78.2°, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number363
JournalElectronics (Switzerland)
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 2023


  • beamwidth-reconfigurable antenna
  • half-mode substrate-integrated waveguide (HMSIW)
  • power divider (PD)
  • single-pole double-throw (SPDT)


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