Bioenergy potential and thermochemical characterization of lignocellulosic biomass residues available in Pakistan

Aisha Abdullah, Ashfaq Ahmed, Parveen Akhter, Abdul Razzaq, Muhammad Zafar, Murid Hussain, Nasir Shahzad, Khaliq Majeed, Shahzad Khurrum, Muhammad Saifullah Abu Bakar, Young Kwon Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


We evaluated the thermochemical properties and suitability of a variety of lignocellulosic biomass residues in Pakistan for energy production. Proximate, ultimate and calorific value analyses were performed to know the energy perspective, whereas thermogravimetric analysis was used to study the decomposition behavior of biomass samples under pyrolysis conditions. The moisture content, volatile matter, fixed carbon and ash content in the biomass samples were found within the range of 4.38–5.69%, 63.25–80.53%, 7.97–23.13%, and 7.12–14.35%, respectively. The range of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen content was reported as 35.83–47.23%, 5.2–6.56%, and 45.6–58.55%, respectively. Lower values of sulfur and nitrogen content amongst the samples indicated that the biomass was environmentally friendly in terms of energy production. The heating value of the biomass was reported in the range of 15.20–18.44 MJ/kg. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy showed the existence of hydroxyl, aldehydes, ketones, aromatic compounds, carbonyl compounds, ether, and halogen groups. Orange leaf biomass indicated a greater potential in producing bio-oil, whereas the horticulture biomass and mango leaves may have greater potential for biochar.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1899-1906
Number of pages8
JournalKorean Journal of Chemical Engineering
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2020


  • Bioenergy
  • Lignocellulosic Biomass
  • Proximate Analysis
  • Pyrolysis
  • Thermochemical Characterization


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