Buckling Behavior of Nonuniform-Friction Piles with Linear Distribution of Subgrade Reaction

Joon Kyu Lee, Byoung Koo Lee, Jae Cheol So, Gweon Sik Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


A novel analytical approach for predicting the buckling load with its mode shape of friction piles fully embedded in soil is proposed, in which the lateral subgrade and axial friction resistances change linearly. The proposed approach considers uniform rectangular piles that are either free or pinned or fixed at the pile and toe. The differential equation that governs the mode shape of the buckling pile along with the boundary conditions was analytically derived and numerically solved using the Runge–Kutta method and the Regula-Falsi method. The buckling loads of this study agreed well with those reported in the literature. The buckling behavior of piles was discussed as factors affecting the end condition, aspect ratio, subgrade ratio, friction ratio, subgrade parameter and friction parameter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4619-4633
Number of pages15
JournalArabian Journal for Science and Engineering
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2023


  • Buckling load
  • Embedded pile
  • Friction pile
  • Friction resistance
  • Mode shape
  • Subgrade reaction


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