Bulk valley transport and Berry curvature spreading at the edge of flat bands

Subhajit Sinha, Pratap Chandra Adak, R. S. Surya Kanthi, Bheema Lingam Chittari, L. D.Varma Sangani, Kenji Watanabe, Takashi Taniguchi, Jeil Jung, Mandar M. Deshmukh

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23 Scopus citations


2D materials based superlattices have emerged as a promising platform to modulate band structure and its symmetries. In particular, moiré periodicity in twisted graphene systems produces flat Chern bands. The recent observation of anomalous Hall effect (AHE) and orbital magnetism in twisted bilayer graphene has been associated with spontaneous symmetry breaking of such Chern bands. However, the valley Hall state as a precursor of AHE state, when time-reversal symmetry is still protected, has not been observed. Our work probes this precursor state using the valley Hall effect. We show that broken inversion symmetry in twisted double bilayer graphene (TDBG) facilitates the generation of bulk valley current by reporting experimental evidence of nonlocal transport in a nearly flat band system. Despite the spread of Berry curvature hotspots and reduced quasiparticle velocities of the carriers in these flat bands, we observe large nonlocal voltage several micrometers away from the charge current path — this persists when the Fermi energy lies inside a gap with large Berry curvature. The high sensitivity of the nonlocal voltage to gate tunable carrier density and gap modulating perpendicular electric field makes TDBG an attractive platform for valley-twistronics based on flat bands.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5548
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2020


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