Calculation of geometric geoidal height by GPS surveying on 1st and 2nd order benchmark line

Suk Bae Lee, Jin Soo Kim, Cheol Young Kim, Jay Hyoun Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


In geoid modelling field, it is very important the GPS/leveling data because it could be check-out the accuracy of gravimetric geoid and computed the hybrid geoid. In this study, GPS surveying was accomplished in the test area including mountainous area to improve the GPS/leveling data density in Korea. And the geometric geoidal heights was calculated using the GPS/leveling data in. the test area and the accuracy of the geoidal heights was analyzed. For this study, GPS surveying was accomplished on the 211 1st and 2nd order benchmarks in Gyeongbuk province and 198 GPS/leveling data were achieved after both baseline analysis and network adjustment. Geometric geoidal heights were calculated using these 198 GPS/leveling data and the accuracy analysis was done by comparison with the geoidal heights from EGM2008 geopotential model. The results showed that the bias and standard deviation computed from 190 GPS/leveling data after gross removal was -0.185 ± 0.079m. And also, the accuracy analyses according to the benchmark order, baseline length, and altitude were accomplished.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-223
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of the Korean Society of Surveying, Geodesy, Photogrammetry and Cartography
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2009


  • Benchmark
  • EGM2008
  • GPS/leveling
  • Geometric geoidal height


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