Catalytic co-pyrolysis of yellow poplar wood and polyethylene terephthalate over two stage calcium oxide-ZSM-5

Young Kwon Park, Jaehun Jung, Sumin Ryu, Hyung Won Lee, Muhammad Zain Siddiqui, Jungho Jae, Atsushi Watanabe, Young Min Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

64 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study examined the catalytic co-pyrolysis of yellow poplar wood and polyethylene terephthalate over basic calcium oxide and acid zeolites, such as HY (SiO2/Al2O3: 30), Hβ (25), HZSM-5 (23), to maximize the yields of aromatics using thermogravimetric analysis and tandem μ-reactor-gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. The maximum decomposition temperature of polyethylene terephthalate on the catalytic thermogravimetric analysis over HZSM-5 (452 °C) was reduced by co-feeding with yellow poplar wood to 444 °C because of its catalytic property and the effective interaction between the catalytic co-pyrolysis intermediates of yellow poplar wood and polyethylene terephthalate. Non-catalytic co-pyrolysis produced smaller amounts of large molecular polyethylene terephthalate pyrolyzates because of the more effective secondary cracking and deoxygenation. Calcium oxide was effective in the deacidification and acid zeolites were efficient in aromatics production during the catalytic co-pyrolysis of yellow poplar wood and polyethylene terephthalate. Among the acid zeolites, HZSM-5 showed the highest efficiency on benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes (BTEXs) production, followed by Hβ and HY because of its strong acidity and proper pore size. The experimental MS intensities of BTEXs obtained from the catalytic co-pyrolysis of yellow poplar wood and polyethylene terephthalate over HZSM-5 (1083 × 106) were larger than their theoretical value (998 × 106). Compared to the single stage catalytic co-pyrolysis of yellow poplar wood and polyethylene terephthalate over ex-situ HZSM-5, the two-stage catalytic co-pyrolysis over in-situ calcium oxide and ex-situ HZSM-5 produced the much larger amounts of BTEXs during seven times sequential experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1706-1718
Number of pages13
JournalApplied Energy
Volume250
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Sep 2019

Keywords

  • Calcium oxide
  • Catalytic co-pyrolysis
  • Polyethylene terephthalate
  • Yellow poplar wood
  • Zeolites

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