Cause investigation of high-mode vortex-induced vibration in a long-span suspension bridge

You Chan Hwang, Sunjoong Kim, Ho Kyung Kim

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54 Scopus citations


A significant vortex-induced vibration (VIV) was observed in a suspension bridge under a wind velocity of approximately 6 and 7 m/s, and with a maximum amplitude that exceeded the serviceability limitations. Since the observation of VIV in an operating bridge was an infrequent event, this study investigated the cause of unexpected VIV. A series of wind tunnel tests revealed the main cause of the VIV was temporary screens applied over the guardrails to shield the curing surface during replacement of epoxy-coated pavement. The characteristics of the measured VIV were consistent with those from experimental results in terms of amplitude and lock-in wind speed range. The effect of Scruton numbers on VIV amplitude was examined for several dominant modes with different modal mass and damping ratios. Since the VIV amplitude is sensitive to the inherent damping ratio, the modal damping ratios of the bridge were identified from output-only modal analysis by using the frequency domain decomposition. This approach was efficient in identifying the damping ratios of high modes that were challenging due to weakly excited signals. The damping ratio of the triggered mode for VIV was the lowest among the investigated modes and estimated to be the level of the design-damping ratio.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)84-93
Number of pages10
JournalStructure and Infrastructure Engineering
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2 Jan 2020


  • Vortex-induced vibration (VIV)
  • damping
  • frequency domain decomposition (FDD)
  • operational modal analysis (OMA)
  • suspension bridges


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