Characteristics of hydrogen production by photocatalytic water splitting using liquid phase plasma over Ag-doped TiO2 photocatalysts

Young Kwon Park, Byung Joo Kim, Sangmin Jeong, Ki Joon Jeon, Kyong Hwan Chung, Sang Chul Jung

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37 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hydrogen production from water was investigated by applying liquid plasma (LPP) to photocatalytic splitting of water. The optical properties of LPP due to water emission were also evaluated. The correlation between the optical properties of plasma and the formation of active species in water was investigated with the photocatalytic activity of hydrogen production. TiO2 was also doped with Ag to evaluate the effect of enhancing photocatalytic activity. The photocatalytic activity was evaluated by the rate of hydrogen production, and the effect of hydrogen formation was also investigated by injecting methanol as an additive. As a result of examining the luminescence properties of LPP, it showed high luminescence in the 309 nm UV region and the 656 nm visible region. The hydrogen doping rate was increased in the Ag-doped TiO2 photocatalyst. Ag-doped TiO2 has wider light absorption into the visible region and narrower band gap. Due to these properties, the rate of hydrogen generation is superior to TiO2 photocatalysts. The photochemical reaction with LPP and photocatalyst in aqueous solution with CH3OH showed a significant increase in hydrogen production rate. The increase in hydrogen production by injection of additives is because the optical properties of generating OH radicals are improved and CH3OH is decomposed to act as an electron donor to improve hydrogen production.

Original languageEnglish
Article number109630
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume188
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

Keywords

  • Hydrogen evolution
  • Methanol
  • Photocatalysis
  • Plasma in liquid
  • TiO

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