Characteristics of Rapid Pyrolysis for Upgrading Heavy Oils in a Circulating Fluidized Bed Reactor

Kang Seok Go, Myung Won Seo, Young Tae Guahk, Heyn Sung Chang, Nam Sun Nho, Kwang Ho Kim, Yong Ku Kim, Jae Goo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


The hydrodynamic velocity and effect of the reaction temperature on the cracking performance were investigated for the production of light oil through the rapid pyrolysis of heavy oil in a circulating fluidized bed reactor. From this study, the gas velocity in the loop seal to prevent slugging, the transport gas velocity to form a dense phase of solids on the bottom of the riser, and the minimum bubbling fluidization velocity for stable solid circulation in the reheater were determined. Under the steady supply of feed through the internal mixing with steam inside the feed nozzle, the reactivity for a temperature change from 527 to 574 °C was investigated. As a result, the residue (>535 °C) conversion and liquid yield of up to 71.1 and 78.2%, respectively, were found. The maximum impurity removal rates for sulfur, Conradson carbon residue, and metals (nickel and vanadium) were found to be 18.7, 50.4, and 83.6%, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5959-5968
Number of pages10
JournalEnergy and Fuels
Issue number6
StatePublished - 15 Jun 2017


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