Characterization of Electronic Transport Properties of Narrow-Band Gap Fe(Se1-xTex)2 Alloys via the Two-Band Model

Seong Mee Hwang, Sang Il Kim, Min Su Heo, Kiyoung Lee, Heesun Yang, Won Seon Seo, Hyun Sik Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Environmentally sustainable thermoelectric technologies can be more broadly applied in industries once the performance of thermoelectric materials is improved. Several approaches have been proposed to improve the electronic transport properties of thermoelectric materials. The effects of each approach on the electronic properties can be evaluated by changes in the band parameters. The Single Parabolic Band (SPB) model has been widely used to determine the effect of different materials engineering strategies on band parameters, such as the density-of-states effective mass and deformation potential. However, when the material has a narrow band gap, the Two-Band (TB) model better describes the changes in band parameters, as it includes the bipolar conduction from the minority carrier band. Here, the band parameters of previously reported Fe(Se1-xTex)2 (x = 0, 0.2, 0.6, 0.8, 1) alloys, whose band gap significantly decreases with x, have been estimated using the SPB and TB models. While the x-dependent band parameters obtained via the SPB model varied abruptly with x, all the band parameters estimated by the TB model changed linearly with x. The abruptness observed in the band parameters of the SPB model can be attributed to artifacts reflected in the single band, which occurs when the minority carrier band and band gap change are not included. The bipolar thermal conductivity of Fe(Se1-xTex)2 alloys was also calculated using the TB model, and is understood in terms of changes in the weighted mobility ratio, Hall carrier concentration, and band gap in terms of alloy composition, x.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)98-106
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Korean Institute of Metals and Materials
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2023


  • FeSe-FeTe
  • bipolar thermal conductivity
  • single parabolic band model
  • thermoelectric
  • two-band model


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