Citizen participation in seoul, tokyo, and chicago

Wonho Jang, Terry Nichols Clark, Miree Byun

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


In this chapter, we review how scenes theory can be related to civic participation and how the relationship differs across Seoul, Tokyo, and Chicago. The discussion begins with the major Western theory of Tocqueville/Putnam that participation drives legitimacy. However, it can be briefly relativized by introducing alternative paths. These ideas link to results from Kim (Kim, S. 2008) that show different paths for legitimacy and trust according to different political development and different cultural structure in the society. As shown in Fig. 1 of Chapter 2, most of Northwest Europe and North America supports Model 1: more participation leads to more trust. Obversely, Latin Americans have such low participation and trust that even if participation works for a few it misses the great majority. However, the model grows more complex when we shift to Korea, Portugal, and Eastern Europe, as the participation to trust path coefficient falls to zero: no impact. For some subgroups, the coefficient even becomes negative (Model 4). How can we codify these results and link them to our cumulative theorizing? This question cannot be answered with a simplistic generalization. Instead, we need to introduce a different conceptual framing to ask where and why and how much this happens. In this chapter, we try to suggest various propositions to explain differences in civic participation in the three cities by using various concepts related to scenes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCan Tocqueville Karaoke. Global Contrasts of Citizen Participation, The Arts and Development
PublisherEmerald Group Publishing Ltd.
Number of pages12
ISBN (Print)9781781907368
StatePublished - 2014

Publication series

NameResearch in Urban Policy
ISSN (Print)1479-3520


  • Asia
  • Culture
  • Participation
  • Politics
  • Urban


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