Co-combustion of blends of coal and underutilised biomass residues for environmental friendly electrical energy production

Fariha Kanwal, Ashfaq Ahmed, Farrukh Jamil, Sikander Rafiq, H. M. Uzair Ayub, Moinuddin Ghauri, M. Shahzad Khurram, Shahid Munir, Abrar Inayat, Muhammad S.Abu Bakar, Surendar Moogi, Su Shiung Lam, Young Kwon Park

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16 Scopus citations


This study investigated the co-combustion of the blends of coal and biomass residues from poplar sawdust, rice husk, pine nut shells, and sunflower residues for ecofriendly energy production. Proximate and ultimate analyses and calorific values of the coal and biomass residues were also carried out to evaluate the properties of the coal and biomass residues. The volatile matter in coal was reported as 43.38 wt% and ranged from 56.76 wt% to 80.95 wt% in the biomass residues. The ultimate analysis reported the carbon and sulfur content of coal as 68.7 wt% and 5.5 wt%, respectively. The coal and biomass blends were prepared using different ratios on the thermal basis of coal and biomass given as 100:0, 90:10, 80:20, 70:30, 60:40, and 50:50 by weight percentage. The consequent stoichiometric air requirements for all the blends were also calculated. The results revealed that the combustion of 60:40 of coal and sunflower residue blend was the most efficient blend, resulting in less emission of NOx, SOx, and CO2 in the flue gas compared to the combustion of pure coal. The study revealed a great perspective of the selected biomass residues to blend with coal for environmentally friendly and sustainable energy production.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4881
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 May 2021


  • Biomass blending ratios
  • Biomass residues
  • Coal
  • Combustion efficiency
  • Eco-friendly combustion


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