Color enhancement of natural sapphires by high pressure high temperature process

Jeongho Song, Yunyoung Noh, Ohsung Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


We employed the high-pressure high temperature (HPHT) process to enhance the colors of natural sapphires to obtain a vivid blue. First, we analyze the content of the coloring agent Fe2O3 using the wavelength dispersive X-ray fluorescence (WD-XRF) method. The HPHT procedure operates under 1 GPa at various temperatures of 1700, 1750, and 1800°C for 5 minutes using a cubic press. We determine the color changes using the optical microscopic images, UV-VIS near-infrared (NIR) spectra, micro- Raman spectra, and Fourier transform-infrared (FT-IR) spectra for all sapphire samples before and after the treatment. The optical microscopic results indicate that the HPHT process can enhance the sapphire color to a vivid blue at temperatures above 1750°C. The UV-VIS-NIR spectra identify the color changes explicitly and quantitatively through providing the Lab color scales and color differences. Both results demonstrate that the colors of natural sapphires can be enhanced to a vivid blue using the HPHT process above 1750°C under 1 GPa for 5 minutes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)165-170
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Korean Ceramic Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2015


  • Color enhancement
  • FT-IR
  • HPHT
  • Sapphire
  • WD-XRF


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