Comparative analysis of on-board methane and methanol reforming systems combined with HT-PEM fuel cell and CO2 capture/liquefaction system for hydrogen fueled ship application

Hyunyong Lee, Inchul Jung, Gilltae Roh, Youngseung Na, Hokeun Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study performs energetic and exergetic comparisons between the steam methane reforming and steam methanol reforming technologies combined with HT-PEMFC and a carbon capture/liquefaction system for use in hydrogen-fueled ships. The required space for the primary fuel and captured/liquefied CO2 and the fuel cost have also been investigated to find the more advantageous system for ship application. For the comparison, the steam methane reforming-based system fed by LNG and the steam methanol reforming-based system fed by methanol have been modeled in an Aspen HYSYS environment. All the simulations have been conducted at a fixed Wnet electrical (475 kW) to meet the average shaft power of the reference ship. Results show that at the base condition, the energy and exergy efficiencies of the methanol-based system are 7.99% and 1.89% higher than those of the methane-based system, respectively. The cogeneration efficiency of the methane-based system is 7.13% higher than that of the methanol-based system. The comparison of space for fuel and CO2 storage reveals that the methanol-based system requires a space 1.1 times larger than that of the methane-based system for the total voyage time, although the methanol-based system has higher electrical efficiency. In addition, the methanol-based system has a fuel cost 2.2 times higher than that of the methane-based system to generate 475 kW net of electricity for the total voyage time.

Original languageEnglish
Article number224
JournalEnergies
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Electrical efficiency
  • Exergy efficiency
  • LNG
  • Steam methane reforming
  • Steam methanol reforming

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