Contributions of community forestry to the rural livelihoods and watershed conservation: A case study in Ywangan township, Shan state, Myanmar

Thaung Naing Oo, Yeong Dae Park, Su Young Woo, Chanhsamone Phonguodume, Yong Kwon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


This study was carried out in Letpanbin and Myaing community forests, Ywa-ngan Township, Shan State, Myanmar. The objectives were to examine the contributions of home garden and community forestry to the rural development, and to investigate the plant species diversity of community forests established in the watershed areas. Rapid rural appraisal (RRA) and forest inventory were used as the main methodologies of the study. The average financial value of forest products annually collected and utilized from community forests by a household of Letpanbin and Myaing were 355,500 Kyats (US$ 444) and 363,000 Kyats (US$ 454), respectively. On the other hand, the annual contribution by community forests amounted to about 33 percent of the total farming income, which is a major source of income, for each family in both villages. The species richness of Letpanbin and Myaing community forests (CF) were 75.72±5.88 and 101.20±13.29 whereas the Shannon's species diversity indices were 3.93 and 3.99, respectively. Shannon's evenness of Letpanbin and Myaing CFs were 93% and 91%, respectively. There were 3,336 (±850.83) and 3,661 (±734.15) seedlings per ha while 2,588 (±682.54) and 3,208.13 (±777.91) saplings per ha in Letpanbin and Myaing CFs, respectively. In Letpanbin C F, Pyinma (Lagerstroemia speciosa) occupied the highest important value index (IVI) (15.90%) while Monn (scientific name not available) (16.89%) in Myaing CF. The coefficients of similarity (Ks) showed 50.33% between two forests in terms of floristic composition. Thirty-eight species were found as common species in both CFs. The people's participation in community forest management was the major factor in achieving watershed conservation in the study area and it should be mimicked to the other rural areas for the environmental conservation and rural development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-89
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Environmental Science and Management
Issue numberSUPPL.1
StatePublished - 2012


  • Community forests
  • Homegarden
  • Rural development
  • Stand structure
  • Tree species diversity
  • Watershed areas


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