Correlation between ion gel characteristics and performance of ionic pressure sensors

Woo Young Lee, Yong Min Kim, Jin Han Kwon, Hong Chul Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


In this study, a convenient approach is proposed to tune the properties of ion gels by utilizing mixed ionic liquid (IL) systems. Herein, a binary IL system consisting of 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)imide ([BMI][TFSI]) and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium hexafluorophosphate ([BMI][PF6]) at various compositions is employed with poly(vinylidene fluoride-co-hexafluoropropylene) (P(VDF-co-HFP)) to prepare ion gels. A higher concentration of [BMI][TFSI] results in higher ionic conductivity but lower elastic modulus of gel electrolytes, which is explained using the difference in ionic mobility of the ILs and crystallinity of the PVDF domains. Considering this correlation, the composition of mixed ILs for ion gel-based pressure sensors is optimized. The resulting ionic pressure sensor exhibits balanced performance with decent sensitivity (∼0.058 kPa−1) and detectable pressure range (∼75.8 kPa). The device shows excellent long-term durability (>14 000 s) without additional encapsulation. Furthermore, this pressure sensory ion gel film successfully monitors various types of external pressure, which indicates its high practical applicability. These results imply that binary IL-engineering is an easily and readily applicable strategy for adjusting ion gel performance in accordance with the desired applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5445-5451
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry C
Issue number16
StatePublished - 28 Apr 2021


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