CO2-cofeeding catalytic pyrolysis of macadamia nutshell

Sungyup Jung, Dohee Kwon, Yiu Fai Tsang, Young Kwon Park, Eilhann E. Kwon

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22 Scopus citations


Here in this study, we laid great stress on a development of sustainable waste-to-energy (WtE) platform via CO2-cofeeding catalytic pyrolysis of macadamia nutshell (MNS) at mild temperature region. To this end, one-stage and two-stage (non-catalytic/catalytic) pyrolysis of MNS was performed to establish the fundamental relationship of temperature effect on syngas formation. The formation of gaseous pyrolysates was substantially enhanced when two-stage pyrolysis of MNS was applied, and second heating zone isothermally ran at 700 °C. Such the enhanced generation of gaseous pyrolysates from two-stage MNS pyrolysis of MNS was likely due to temperature-driven cracking of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Also, catalytic two-stage pyrolysis of MNS was performed at lower isothermal running temperature (500 °C) over Ni/SiO2 and Co/SiO2. The enhanced formation of syngas (H2 and CO) was observed from catalytic pyrolysis of MNS. Therefore, pyrolysis of MNS over Ni/SiO2 or Co/SiO2 could be a reliable platform for enhancing syngas formation at mild temperature (≤ 500 °C) under CO2 environment. In addition, all experimental findings suggested that the use of CO2 is beneficial in the WtE platform, and the use of CO2 could be a practical climate change mitigation measure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)97-105
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of CO2 Utilization
StatePublished - Apr 2020


  • Carbon dioxide
  • Catalytic pyrolysis
  • Macadamia nutshell
  • Syngas
  • Waste-to-energy


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