CO2-mediated chicken manure biochar manipulation for biodiesel production

Jong Min Jung, Jeong Ik Oh, Young Kwon Park, Jechan Lee, Eilhann E. Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study employs chicken manure as a feedstock to produce different forms of energy to abate environmental burdens. To achieve ultimate carbon management, the possible utilization of CO2 during pyrolysis of chicken manure was fundamentally investigated. The roles of CO2 in pyrolysis of chicken manure include enhanced thermal cracking and shifting of the carbon distribution via reaction between volatile organic compounds and CO2. The identified roles induced by CO2 were catalytically enhanced because of the inorganic content in the feedstock. The morphology of biochar created from the chicken manure pyrolysis was significantly affected by CO2. For example, a well-developed pore structure was observed in the biochar developed under a CO2 environment; this biochar was used as an effective porous material for biodiesel synthesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)348-355
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Research
Volume171
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2019

Keywords

  • Biochar
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Chicken manure
  • Pyrolysis
  • Waste-to-energy

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