CO2 methanation in a bench-scale bubbling fluidized bed reactor using Ni-based catalyst and its exothermic heat transfer analysis

Hyungseok Nam, Jung Hwan Kim, Hana Kim, Min Jae Kim, Sang Goo Jeon, Gyoung Tae Jin, Yooseob Won, Byung Wook Hwang, Seung Yong Lee, Jeom In Baek, Doyeon Lee, Myung Won Seo, Ho Jung Ryu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

CO2 methanation, as a power-to-gas technology, is considered to be an important method to secure energy supply by utilizing CO2 and H2 gases. In this study, a 0.2 kW CH4 bench-scale fluidized bed reactor was used for CO2 methanation using approximately 13 kg nickel-based catalyst to investigate the effect of temperature, gas velocity, and H2/CO2 ratio on CO2 conversion, CH4 purity, and CH4 selectivity. Response surface methodology (RSM) was employed to design the experimental conditions to statistically evaluate the effect of operating variables. Reduced quadratic model equations for CO2 conversion and CH4 purity were derived, which determined the optimal conditions within the experimental conditions. The suggested conditions for the highest CO2 conversion were 297 °C, 4.66H2/CO2, and 4.0 Ug/Umf (velocity ratio), whereas different conditions were determined for the highest CH4 purity. Among the operating variables, temperature was the most influential factor, followed by the gas ratio. The highest CO2 conversion and CH4 purity were 98% and 81.6%, respectively. Additionally, the heat transfer coefficient (ho) was found to be 115 W/m2∙°C during a 10-h continuous CO2 methanation experiment, which is an important design factor for the further scale-up of the process.

Original languageEnglish
Article number118895
JournalEnergy
Volume214
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2021

Keywords

  • CO2 methanation
  • Fluidized bed reactor
  • Heat transfer coefficient
  • Ni catalyst
  • RSM (response surface methodology)

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