CpG incorporated DNA microparticles for elevated immune stimulation for antigen presenting cells

Heejung Jung, Dajeong Kim, Yoon Young Kang, Hyejin Kim, Jong Bum Lee, Hyejung Mok

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


As emerging evidence supports the immune stimulating capability of the CpG oligodeoxynucleotides (ODN), CpG-based adjuvants have been widely used. For efficient induction of immune responses, current issues affecting the use of nucleic acid-based adjuvants, e.g. stability in physiological conditions, delivery to immune cells, and successful release within the phagolysosome, should be addressed. Here, we present CpG-based DNA microparticles (DNA-MPs) fabricated by complementary rolling circle amplification (cRCA) as adjuvants for enhancing immune response and production of selective antibody production. Using cRCA method, the sizes of CpG-based DNA-MPs were finely controlled (0.5 and 1 μm) with superior and provided mismatched single stranded form of CpG ODN region for specific cleavage site by DNase II within the phagolysosome. Fabricated CpG-based 1 μm DNA-MPs (DNA-MP-1.0) were successfully internalized into primary macrophages and macrophage cell line (RAW264.7 cells), and elicited superior cytokine production e.g. TNF-α and IL-6, compared to conventional CpG ODNs. After in vivo administration of DNA-MP-1.0 with model antigen ovalbumin (OVA), significantly elevated OVA-specific antibody production was observed. With this in mind, DNA-MP-1.0 could serve as a novel type of adjuvant for the activation of macrophages and the following production of selective antibodies without any noticeable toxicity in vitro and in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6608-6615
Number of pages8
JournalRSC Advances
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2018


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