Decomposition of naproxen by plasma in liquid process with TiO2 photocatslysts and hydrogen peroxide

Young Kwon Park, Byung Joo Kim, Sang Chai Kim, Chan Seo You, Jaewook Choi, Jaegu Park, Heon Lee, Sang Chul Jung

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6 Scopus citations


Naproxen (NPX), one of the representative non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) ingredients, was decomposed by plasma in liquid process (PiLP). Strongly oxidized species generated in the plasma field of the PiLP, such as OH radicals, were confirmed by optical emission spectroscopy Increasing the operation parameters (pulse width, frequency and applied voltage) of the power supply promoted plasma field generation and OH radical generation, and affected the NPX decomposition rate. Although the NPX decomposition reaction rate was improved by up to 18–30% by adding TiO2 photocatalyst powder and H2O2 to PiLP, but the optimal addition amount should be determined considering the plasma generation and scavenger effects. A decomposition pathway was proposed, in which NPX was mineralized into CO2 and H2O through five intermediates mainly by decarboxylation, demethylation, hydroxylation, and dehydration reactions via hydroxyl radicals.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110899
JournalEnvironmental Research
StatePublished - Apr 2021


  • Hydrogen peroxide
  • Naproxen
  • OH radical
  • Plasma in liquid process
  • TiO photocatalyst


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