Degradation of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells repetitively exposed to reverse current condition under different temperature

Yoo Yeon Jo, Eunae Cho, Jung Hyeun Kim, Tae Hoon Lim, In Hwan Oh, Soo Kil Kim, Hyung Juhn Kim, Jong Hyun Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

Effects of operating temperature on performance degradation of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells (PEMFCs) were investigated under the repetitive startup/shutdown cycling operation that induced the so-called 'reverse current condition'. With repeating the startup/shutdown cycle, polarization curves, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), cyclic voltammetry (CV), linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) were measured to examine in situ electrochemical degradation of the MEAs. To investigate physicochemical degradation of the MEAs, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), electron probe micro analysis (EPMA), transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR) were employed before and after the startup/shutdown cycling operation. With increasing operating temperature from 40 to 65 and 80 °C under the repetitive reverse-current condition, the cell performance decayed faster since corrosion of the carbon support and dissolution/migration/ agglomeration of Pt catalyst were accelerated resulting in increases in ohmic and charge transfer resistance and loss of EAS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9906-9915
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume196
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2011

Keywords

  • Carbon corrosion
  • Durability
  • Operating temperature
  • Polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells
  • Startup/shutdown cycle

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