Determination of NH+ in environmental water with interfering substances using the modified nessler method

Heonsang Jeong, Jongtaek Park, Hyunook Kim

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79 Scopus citations

Abstract

Nitrogen is an essential element in the environment. If excess nitrogen including NH4 + is present in water, however, it can result in algae blooming and eventually the destruction of the aquatic ecosystem. Therefore, the determination of NH4 + in streams, lakes, and effluents of the treatment facilities has long been carried out. The Nessler method is the most common spectrophotometric method to measure NH4 + in water. However, the result of the method becomes inaccurate if there are interfering substances such as Cl Cl -, hardness-causing compounds (e.g., Mg2+), and Fe 2+ in target water samples. In this study, therefore, the traditional Nessler method has been modified to eliminate the effects of interfering substances; the so-called MS was added to water samples. In addition, the polyvinyl alcohol reagent as a dispersing agent was added to water samples to increase the sensitivity and reproducibility of the method. The modified method could successfully analyze NH4 + of water samples even with the interfering substance at high concentration.

Original languageEnglish
Article number359217
JournalJournal of Chemistry
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

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