Developing a multimedia environment for customized teaching of an adrenalectomy

Juan Cendan, Minho Kim, Sergei Kurenov, Jorg Peters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


We have developed a computer based simulation process which allows a surgical expert to create a customized operative environment. This virtual environment, the Toolkit for Illustration of Procedures in Surgery (3D TIPS), is deployed on a low-cost computer system and requires minimal training for the programmer. The learner can be engaged in training immediately and the educator can modify the system and annotate the procedure to highlight specific points using video clips, operative images, and the like. A laparoscopic adrenalectomy is presented as a proof of concept in the accompanying article.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1012-1016
Number of pages5
JournalSurgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 2007


  • Education, surgical
  • Technical, general
  • Technical, imaging and VR
  • Technical, training courses


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