Development of Vivorium, a new indoor horticultural ornamental plants via plant tissue culture techniques

Min Hee Hwang, Do Yeon Kim, In Sun Cho, Mi Hyung Kim, Hyun Sook Kwon, Jong Bo Kim, Su Jung Kim, Sun Hyung Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Indoor gardening includes wall greening, terrariums, and flower arrangements. Among these types of indoor gardens, the terrarium is easy to access for the general public, but in Korea, because of the focus on esthetics, the original purpose of creating terrariums, which was to grow plants sustainably in an enclosed space, has been lost. In addition, miniaturization of plants is required to grow plants in an enclosed space. Since the available plant species suitable for a terrarium are limited, only plants such as succulents, cacti, and moss have been used. In this study, Bronze (X Graptosedum) was used, and these problems were solved using the following three methods: Placement and growth of virusfree plants in the terrarium; extending the diversity of plants with minimal size that can be planted in terrariums; and reducing the price of in vitro plants with minimal size by achieving large-scale production. In particular, tissue-cultured succulents were developed into a Vivorium by replacing the tissue culture container and renewing the composition of the plant. This paper suggests a new indoor horticultural field, Vivorium, that can improve the current limitations of terrariums and make them more accessible to the general public. The introduction and popularization of new indoor gardening fields with the increase in single-person households and indoor activities in the Pandemic era can also improve psychological stability among people and in the society.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)179-185
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Plant Biotechnology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2021


  • Indoor gardening
  • Large-scale production
  • Mini plant
  • Terrarium
  • Tissue culture
  • Virus free
  • Vivorium


Dive into the research topics of 'Development of Vivorium, a new indoor horticultural ornamental plants via plant tissue culture techniques'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this