Diffusion of the high melting temperature element from the molten oxides for copper alloys

Jeongho Song, Yunyoung Noh, Ohsung Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


To alloy high melting point elements such as boron, ruthenium, and iridium with copper, heat treatment was performed using metal oxides of B2O3, RuO2, and IrO2 at the temperature of 1200°C in vacuum for 30 minutes. The microstructure analysis of the alloyed sample was confirmed using an optical microscope and FE-SEM. Hardness and trace element analyses were performed using Vickers hardness and WD-XRF, respectively. Diffusion profile analysis was performed using D-SIMS. From the microstructure analysis results, crystal grains were found to have formed with sizes of 2.97 mm. For the copper alloys formed using metal oxides of B2O3, RuO2, and IrO2 the sizes of the crystal grains were 1.24, 1.77, and 2.23 mm, respectively, while these sizes were smaller than pure copper. From the Vickers hardness results, the hardness of the Ir-copper alloy was found to have increased by a maximum of 2.2 times compared to pure copper. From the trace element analysis, the copper alloy was fabricated with the expected composition. From the diffusion profile analysis results, it can beseen that 0.059 wt%, 0.030 wt%, and 0.114 wt% of B, Ru, and Ir, respectively, were alloyed in the copper, and it led to change the hardness. Therefore, we verified that alloying of high melting point elements is possible at the low temperature of 1200°C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)130-135
Number of pages6
JournalKorean Journal of Materials Research
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2016


  • Copper alloy
  • High melting temperature element
  • Molten oxide
  • Vacuum furnace
  • Vickers hardness


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