Doubly Boron-Doped TADF Emitters Decorated with ortho-Donor Groups for Highly Efficient Green to Red OLEDs

Ajay Kumar, Han Young Shin, Taehwan Lee, Jaehoon Jung, Byung Jun Jung, Min Hyung Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Doubly boron-doped thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) emitters based on a 9,10-diboraanthracene (DBA) acceptor decorated with ortho-donor groups (Cz2oDBA, 2; BuCz2oDBA, 3; DMAC2oDBA, 4) are prepared to realize high-efficiency green-to-red organic light-emitting diodes (OLEDs). X-ray diffraction analyses of 2 and 4 reveal the symmetrical and highly twisted ortho-donor–acceptor–donor (D-A-D) structure of the emitters. The twisted conformation leads to a very small energy splitting (ΔEST <0.08 eV) between the excited singlet and triplet states that gives rise to strong TADF, as supported by theoretical studies. Depending on the strength of the donor moieties, the emission color is fine-tuned in the visible region from green (2) to yellow (3) to red (4). Carbazole-containing 2 and 3 exhibit high photoluminescence quantum yields (PLQYs) approaching 100 %, whereas DMAC-substituted 4 is moderately emissive (PLQY=44 %) in a doped host film. Highly efficient green-to-red TADF-OLEDs are realized with the proposed ortho-D-A-D compounds as emitters. The green and yellow OLEDs incorporating Cz2oDBA (2) and BuCz2oDBA (3) emitters exhibit high external quantum efficiencies (EQEs) of 26.6 % and 21.6 %, respectively. In particular, the green device shows an excellent power efficiency above 100 lm W−1. A red OLED fabricated with a DMAC2oDBA (4) emitter exhibits a maximum EQE of 10.1 % with an electroluminescence peak at 615 nm.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)16793-16801
Number of pages9
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume26
Issue number70
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Dec 2020

Keywords

  • 9,10-diboraanthracence
  • TADF
  • boranes
  • ortho-donor–acceptor
  • red OLEDs

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