Effect of Aeration Intensity on Performance of Lab-Scale Quorum-Quenching Membrane Bioreactor

Zia Ul Islam, Mariam Ayub, Shinho Chung, Heekyong Oh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Biofouling is one of the main drawbacks of membrane bioreactors (MBRs). Among the different methods, the quorum-quenching (QQ) technique is a novel method as it delays biofilm formation on the membrane surface through disruption of bacterial cell-to-cell communication and thus effectively mitigates membrane biofouling. QQ bacteria require a certain concentration of dissolved oxygen to show their best activities. Despite the importance of the amount of aeration, there have not been enough studies on aeration condition utilizing the separate determination of pure QQ effect and physical cleaning effect. This research aimed to find the optimum aeration intensity by separation of the two effects from QQ and physical cleaning. Three bead type conditions (no bead, vacant bead, and QQ beads) at three aeration intensities (1.5, 2.5, and 3.5 L/min representing low, medium, and high aeration intensity) were applied. From the results, no QQ effect and small QQ effect were observed at low and high aeration, while the greatest QQ effect (48.2% of 737 h improvement) was observed at medium aeration. The best performance was observed at high aeration with QQ beads having a 1536 h operational duration (303% improvement compared to the no bead condition); however, this excellent performance was attributed more to the physical cleaning effect than to the QQ effect.

Original languageEnglish
Article number289
JournalMembranes
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Aeration intensity
  • Biofouling mitigation
  • Cell-immobilizing beads (CIBs)
  • Membrane bioreactors
  • Quorum quenching (QQ)
  • Rhodococcus sp. BH4

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