Effect of gravity and various operating conditions on proton exchange membrane water electrolysis cell performance

Yena Choi, Woojung Lee, Youngseung Na

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Water electrolysis is an eco-friendly method for the utilization of renewable energy sources which provide intermittent power supply. Proton exchange membrane water electrolysis (PEMWE) has a high efficiency in this regard. However, the two-phase flow of water and oxygen at the anode side causes performance degradation, and various operating conditions affect the performance of PEMWE. In this study, the effects of four control parameters (operating temperature, flow rate, cell orientation, and pattern of the channel) on the performance of PEMWE were investigated. The effects of the operating conditions on its performance were examined using a 25 cm2 single-cell. Evaluation tests were conducted using in situ methods such as polarization curves and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The results demonstrated that a high operating temperature and low flow rate reduce the activation and ohmic losses, and thereby enhance the performance of PEMWE. Additionally, the cell orientation affects the performance of PEMWE owing to the variation in the two-phase flow regime. It was observed that the slope of specific sections in the polarization curve rapidly increases at a specific cell voltage.

Original languageEnglish
Article number822
JournalMembranes
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2021

Keywords

  • Bubble coverage
  • Cell orientation
  • Channel pattern
  • Flow rate
  • Operating temperature
  • Quintuple serpentine
  • Single serpentine
  • Two-phase flow
  • Water electrolysis

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