Effect of sulfidation and dissolved organic matters on toxicity of silver nanoparticles in sediment dwelling organism, Chironomus riparius

Si Won Lee, Sun Young Park, Younghun Kim, Hosub Im, Jinhee Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

The properties, fate, and toxicity of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) are readily modified in the environment. Thus, in order to predict the environmental impact of AgNPs, the toxicity test should be conducted to assess the interactions of AgNPs with environmental matrices. Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is known to mitigate AgNPs toxicity in natural systems, and it is also known that silver binds strongly to sulfur. Little is known, however, about the effect of sulfidation and to what extent it could compete with DOM in the sediment. We therefore investigated the effect of sulfide on a sediment dwelling organism, Chironomus riparius using ecotoxicity endpoints. We then investigated how sulfide and a combination of sulfide and DOM affect the toxicity of AgNPs in C. riparius. We also monitored the concentrations of silver in the water and sediment compartments, as well as in C. riparius tissue, in the presence and absence of sulfide. Finally, in order to investigate how sulfide and DOM affect the release of ions from AgNPs, we also monitored released Ag+ in each treatment. In the presence of sulfide, AgNPs were found to be less toxic to C. riparius in acute and chronic endpoints than AgNPs alone, whereas DOM treatment did not modulate the toxicity of AgNPs. Sulfide treatment reduced the release of Ag+ from AgNPs. Water-spiked AgNPs with sulfide were found to be more slowly incorporated into both sediment and larvae as compared to the AgNP alone. Overall, the results suggest that the presence of sulfide in sediment mitigates the ecotoxicity of AgNPs in C. riparius.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)565-573
Number of pages9
JournalScience of the Total Environment
Volume553
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 May 2016

Keywords

  • Chironomus riparius
  • Dissolved organic matter
  • Sediment
  • Silver nanoparticles
  • Sulfide

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Effect of sulfidation and dissolved organic matters on toxicity of silver nanoparticles in sediment dwelling organism, Chironomus riparius'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this