Effect of zeolite acidity and structure on ozone oxidation of toluene using Ru-Mn loaded zeolites at ambient temperature

Jihee Kim, Eilhann E. Kwon, Jung Eun Lee, Seong Ho Jang, Jong Ki Jeon, Ji Hyeon Song, Young Kwon Park

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Five different Ru-Mn/zeolites were used to investigate their catalytic efficiencies for removing toluene (100 ppm) with ozone (1000 ppm) at room temperature. In general, most of metal oxide catalysts for removal of organic compounds need higher temperature than the ambient temperature, but Mn-based catalysts shows activity for prevalent organic pollutants even at room temperature with ozone. For the removal of toluene at room temperature without further heating, bimetallic Ru added Mn catalysts were applied in combination with different zeolite supports. The catalytic activity of the Ru-Mn catalysts strongly depended on the zeolite, of which the characteristics such as acidity and adsorption degree of toluene are dependent on the ratio of SiO2/Al2O3. Among the five Ru-Mn catalysts used, Ru-Mn/HY (SiO2/Al2O3 ratio: 80) and Ru-Mn/ZSM-5 (SiO2/Al2O3 ratio: 80) had higher toluene and ozone removal efficiencies. The toluene removal efficiency of Ru-Mn/zeolites was proportional to the pore volume and surface area. In terms of ozone degradation, Ru-Mn/HY(80) and Ru-Mn/HZSM-5(80) had the highest removal efficiencies. Overall, the catalytic ozone oxidation of toluene using Ru-Mn/zeolites seemed to be affected by a combination of the acidic properties of zeolites, Mn3+/Mn4+ ratio, and concentration ratio of oxygen vacancies to oxygen lattices on the catalyst surface.

Original languageEnglish
Article number123934
JournalJournal of Hazardous Materials
StatePublished - 5 Feb 2021


  • Acidic properties
  • Catalytic ozone oxidation
  • Ru-Mn catalyst
  • Toluene
  • Zeolite


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