Effects of dual initiators and catalytic additives on atom transfer radical polymerization of styrene

Hyung Jin Oh, Young Kwon Park, Young Soo Ko

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2 Scopus citations


The effect of two initiators, so-called dual initiators system on atom radical transfer polymerization (ATRP), were studied with dimethyl-2,6- dibromohepanedioate (DMDBHD) and ethyl-2-bromoisobutyrate (EBIB). Cu(I)Br as catalyst and N,N,N,N,N-pentamethyl-diethylenetriamine as ligand were employed for styrene ATRP. Interestingly, bimodal MWD were shown for the dual initiator system, and one of the peaks had higher molecular weight (MW) and the other had lower MW compared to a one-initiator system. The lower MW peak in bimodal peaks seemed to be mainly resulting from EBIB and the higher MW peak from DMDBHD. Furthermore, methylaluminoxane (MAO) was fed into the ATRP reaction to observe the effect of it on ATRP. As the MAO/CuBr molar ratio in feed increased from 0 to 1, the molecular weight and conversion increased without a notable change in PDI and curve shape of GPC. The conversion in the presence of MAO was also increased with the increase in MAO/CuBr molar ratio. The effect of Cp *TiCl3 on the ATRP was opposite to that of MAO. As the Cp*TiCl3/CuBr molar ratio increased from 0 to 1, the conversion of polymerization was down from 56 to 35%. Furthermore, the molecular weight was drastically decreased from 10,000 to 5,500, but their PDI did not show a significant change. These results can elucidated by the retarding effect of Cp*TiCl3 on the propagation of polymerization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1257-1265
Number of pages9
JournalResearch on Chemical Intermediates
Issue number9
StatePublished - Nov 2011


  • ATRP
  • Bimodal
  • Catalytic additives
  • Dual initiators
  • Styrene


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